06 Mar, 2022 2:05p.m.

Tripple income tax benefits on NPS: State employees note


From the financial year 2022-23, state government employees will be eligible to claim a 14 percent tax benefit on contributions to the National Pension System (NPS) made by their employer, according to Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman. "Under the existing provisions of the Act, any contribution to the account referred to in section 80CCD of the Act (NPS account) by the Central Government or any other employer shall be allowed as a deduction to the assesses in the computation of his total income if it does not exceed 14% of his salary where such contribution is made by the Central Government." Where such a contribution is provided by any other employer, the cap is currently 10% of his salary. The State Governments were given the option to raise the contribution to 14% on their own initiative, based on their own internal approvals and notifications, effective April 1, 2019, without seeking approval from the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority," according to the Budget Memorandum.

At present, only the central government employees are allowed to claim a tax benefit of 14 percent for the employer’s contribution to their NPS accounts.

  1. Various sections of the Income Tax Act of 1961 allow you to claim tax benefits on your and your employer's contributions to the National Pension System. Section 80CCD allows state government employees to seek a tax exemption of up to Rs 1.5 lakh for contributions to the NPS fund (1). Employees in the private sector are only eligible for a 10% tax break.
  2. Employees can also claim an extra deduction of up to Rs 50,000 under Section 80CCD for contributing to the NPS (1b). This additional deduction of Rs 50,000 will be available only to individuals who invest in Tier 1 NPS accounts. Those who invest in Tier 2 NPS funds are not eligible for any tax benefits.
    As a result, taxpayers who invest in NPS can claim a tax exemption of up to Rs 2 lakh every financial year. If one chooses to pay income tax under the previous system, the above tax deductions will be available.
  3. Salaried employees can now seek a tax exemption for their employer's NPS contributions under Section 80CCD (2) of the Income Tax Act. Employees in the federal and state governments will now be entitled to claim a 14 percent tax break on the NPS contributions made by their employers. It should be noted that if an employer's contribution to an employee's NPS account, EPF, or superannuation exceeds Rs 7.5 lakh in a financial year, the amount becomes taxable.

When Will the New NPS Tax Exemption Rule Become Effective?

This new rule will take effect on April 1, 2020, and will be retroactive. As a result, state government employees will be eligible for this tax break in Assessment Year 2020-21 and subsequent years.

How Will Employees of the State Governments Benefit from This Change?

Employer payments to NPS are deductible under section 80 (CCD)(2), but are limited to a maximum of 10% of salary as defined. This perk was formerly only available to central government employees, but it has now been extended to state government employees as well. However, this advantage has not been extended to non-government employees, who are still subject to a 10% salary cap.

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